65. Second, Member States are implicitly invited to examine the need to adapt the rules and practices governing data processing to the particular circumstances that may arise in the case of foreign data and data relating to foreign nationals. For example, there may be a situation in which data on foreigners are provided for purposes that serve the particular interests of the country of which they are nationals (e.g. access to the addresses of nationals living abroad). (4) Authority citations (e.g., statutes or executive orders) in the FAR follow the form guidelines of the Federal Register. 5. The contractor shall recommend payment and legal counsel shall accept the recommendation, unless the Agency`s procedures do not expressly require such consent; 6. The differences between national approaches, as currently reflected in laws, draft laws or legislative proposals, relate to aspects such as the scope of the legislation, the focus on the different elements of protection, the detailed implementation of the above-mentioned general principles and the enforcement mechanisms. For example, there are differing views on licensing requirements and control mechanisms in the form of special control bodies (“data inspection authorities”). Categories of sensitive data are defined differently and ways to ensure openness and individual participation vary, to name just a few examples.
Of course, the existing traditional differences between legal systems are a cause of differences, both in terms of legislative approaches and in the detailed formulation of the legal framework for the protection of personal data. 18. Member States should avoid developing laws, policies and practices in the name of privacy and individual freedoms that would create obstacles to transborder flows of personal data that go beyond the requirements of such protection. (B) any service rendered or set-off lawfully obtained by a debt collector for the collection of a debt. 28. The Member States address themselves to the Recommendation, which is reflected in several provisions expressly limited to relations between Member States (see points 15, 17 and 20 of the Guidelines). However, broad recognition of the guidelines is desirable and nothing in them should be interpreted as preventing the application of the relevant provisions of the Member States to third countries. Given the increase in cross-border data flows and the need to ensure concerted solutions, efforts will be made to bring the guidelines to the attention of third countries and appropriate international organisations. (1) An essential consideration in all aspects of the system is to maintain public confidence. Not only must the system demonstrate integrity, but the actions of each team member must reflect integrity, fairness and openness. The basis of integrity within the system is a competent, experienced, well-trained and professional workforce. As a result, each team member is responsible for the judicious use of public resources and actions that maintain public trust.
Fairness and openness require open communication between team members, internal and external clients, and the public. 17. A number of guiding principles have been developed within a general framework for possible international action. These principles are recognized: (c) cite the relevant law and/or regulation on which the D&F is based. 31. Some countries consider that the protection required for the data of natural persons may be similar in nature to the data protection of economic undertakings, associations and groups of companies, which may or may not have legal personality. The experience of a number of countries also shows that it is difficult to clearly define the dividing line between personal and non-personal data. For example, data relating to a small business may also concern its owner or owner and provide more or less sensitive personal data. In such cases, it may be desirable to extend to companies the protection offered by regulations that mainly concern personal data.
(a) Not later than one year after the date of entry into force of this sub-chapter and at intervals of one year thereafter, the Praesidium shall report to the Congress on the exercise of its functions under this sub-chapter, including such recommendations as the Bureau deems necessary or appropriate. In addition, each report of the Bureau shall include its assessment of compliance with this subchapter and a summary of the Bureau`s enforcement actions under section 1692l of this Title. (b) In carrying out its functions under this Subchapter, the Agency may, on request, obtain the advice of any other federal authority exercising enforcement functions under section 1692l of this Title. (2) In the case of an action not described in clause (1), such action may be brought only in the judicial district or a similar legal person, (b) Approval of claims Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed as justifying the institution of actions by debt collection agencies. 1,301 Policy. (a) 1. Subject to the powers referred to in paragraph (c) of this Division and other legal authorities, a head of agency may publish or authorize the adoption of Agency contracting rules that implement or complement the FAR and, together with the FAR, contain Agency policies, procedures, contractual clauses, tendering provisions and forms that govern the contracting process or otherwise govern the relationship between the Agency. including their affiliates and potential subcontractors or contractors. 2. Subject to the powers set out in point (c) of this Section and other statutory powers, a Head of Agency may issue or authorise the publication of internal Agency guidelines at any organisational level (e.g. designations and delegations of powers, allocation of responsibilities, workflows and internal reporting obligations).
(b) Agency officials shall establish procedures to ensure that agency procurement rules are published for comment in the Federal Register in accordance with the procedures set forth in subsections 1.5 and 41 U.S.C. 1707 and other applicable laws if they have a material impact beyond the Agency`s internal operating procedures or have a significant cost or administrative impact on contractors or suppliers. However, disclosure shall not be required for emissions that merely implement or supplement higher-level emissions that have already been subject to a public consultation process, unless such implementation or addition would entail significant additional costs or administrative impact on contractors or suppliers, or impacts beyond the issuing body`s internal operational procedures. 1,301 (a) (2) do not need to be published for public comment. c) When enacting procurement regulations, agencies must ensure compliance with the Red Tape Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501, et seq.) as implemented in 5 CFR1320 (see 1.106) and the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601, et seq.). If a law requires the publication of a draft regulation, the Regulatory Flexibility Act generally applies and authorities must prepare written analyses or certifications in accordance with the law.
(d) The regulations of the procurement agencies implementing or supplementing the FAR are intended to: (1) Military departments and defence agencies under the authority of the Minister of Defence; (2) NASA activities subject to the authority of the NASA administrator; and (3) civilian agencies, other than NASA, issued by the heads of such agencies, which are subject to the authority of the General Service Administrator or such independent authority as the Agency may have. 1,302 restrictions. The rules governing agency procurement are limited to: (a) those necessary to implement FAR policies and procedures within the organization; and (b) any policies, procedures, promotional terms or additional contractual clauses that complement the FAR to meet the Agency`s specific needs. 1.303 Publication and consolidation. (a) Agency-wide procurement regulations must be published in the Federal Register as required by law, codified in a chapter assigned to Title 48, Code of Federal Regulations, and must conform to the FAR in terms of format, arrangement, and numbering system (but see 1.105-1(c)). Coverage in an agency acquisition by-law implementing a particular part, subpart, section or subsection of the FAR must be numbered and titled to match the relevant number and title of the FAR. Additional documents for which there is no equivalent in the FAR must be coded using chapter, part, subpart, section or subsection numbers of 70 or more (for example, for the Department of the Interior, whose assigned chapter number is listed in Title 48-14, Part 1470, in sub-section 1401.70, section 1401.370 or sub-section 1401.301-70). (b) emissions of 1,301(a)(2) need not be published in the Federal Register.
1 304 Agency control and compliance procedures. (a) In accordance with the powers of 1.301(d), agencies shall control and restrict the adoption of agency procurement regulations, and in particular local agency policies that limit flexibilities in the FAR, and establish formal procedures for reviewing such documents to ensure compliance with this Part 1. (b) Agency procurement rules shall not (1) unnecessarily repeat, paraphrase or rephrase elements contained in the Agency`s FARs or higher-level procurement rules; or (2) Except as required by law or as provided in paragraph 1.4, conflicts or is inconsistent with the FAR Content.